Size: 42,933 km2 (16,577 sq mi); including Greenland and the Faroe Islands 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi)
Official Language(s): Danish
Capital City: Copenhagen
Time Zone: CET
Currency: Danish krone (DKK)
Electrical Plug Type: Types C (Europlug), F (Schuko), E, & K
Drives on the: Right
Food You Must Try: Stegt flæsk med persillesovs is a traditional dish of pork belly, with white sauce and often garnished with parsley. Imagine if bacon were like steak, and then you got to eat it with a cream sauce. You’re going to need a glass of mead with this one.
Best things to do in Denmark
UNESCO Sites in Denmark
- Roskilde Cathedral: a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it has been the burial place of Danish monarchs since the 15th century. The cathedral itself has been continuously built upon and, today, it has reached immense proportions. It’s a must-see if you decide to make the trip to Roskilde.
- Greenland’s Ilulissat Icefjord is one of the most active – it has been the subject of over 200 years of study and has contributed to our current understanding of the world’s changing climate. It is one of the few places you can see an ice cap meeting the sea. Of course, this journey is for the more adventurous traveller, and access is limited.
Top Attractions in Denmark
- By far, Copenhagen’s most visited tourist attraction is The Little Mermaid Statue in Copenhagen, inspired by the Hans Christian Andersen tale of the same name. Like Belgium’s own Manneken Pis, the mermaid is small, bronze and swarmed by international visitors. If you’re looking to cross this one off your list, you may find you are more fascinated by the flood of tourists all trying to be photographed with the famous mermaid (spoiler alert, she doesn’t sing).
- Christmas Markets scattered throughout Copenhagen’s centre offer plenty of opportunities for hygge – Danish coziness. The most popular is at Tivoli Gardens. The historic park is transformed into a Nordic-style winter wonderland, featuring wooden huts offering up everything from handcrafted Scandinavian gifts to local goodies like æbleskiver (dough balls with cream and jam) and gløgg (mulled wine).
- You can take a private guided tour of Rosenborg Castle (for up to 3 people) or explore on your own. If you aren’t taking a tour, make sure to get your Copenhagen City Pass so you can save money and skip the lines which can be brutal in the summer months. You don’t want to miss the famous Danish Crown Jewels
- Eat! Of course! Combine these four great Copenhagen restaurants with Adi’s review of Noma and her budget dining tips, and you’re bound to have your own fantastic foodie experience in the Danish capital.
- The second largest city in Denmark, Aarhus, the City of Smiles has a good mix of old world culture (read cobbled streets, museums, and idyllic surroundings) and a modern dynamism, with a reputed university and a world-class hospital. Visit late summer to enjoy Aarhus Festuge, an annual festival that really brings the city to life.
Fun Facts about Denmark
- No wonder we wrote about food so much, there are plenty of Michelin-starred restaurants in Copenhagen including Noma, voted the World’s Best Restaurant for four years!
- Maybe it’s all that delicious food? Denmark was rated by the UN World Happiness Report as Happiest in the World – 2 years in a row!
- You may assume that Europeans along the Mediterranean are the primary consumers of coffee, but Danes drink more coffee per capita than anyone else in the world.
- Greenland, an autonomous state of Denmark, is the largest island in the world. Greenland occupies over 2 million square kilometres, 1.6 million of which accounts for the ice sheet.
- Denmark averages 50% days a year of precipitation, so bring your raincoat!
- There’s no word for please in Danish; instead, there are many terms and phrases to express gratitude.
- If you’re a parent, you can blame that sharp pain in your foot on the Danes; they invented LEGO! (Added fact, the name “Lego” came from the Danish, leg godt, meaning “play well.”)
- The Danish royal family has been around for nearly 1000 years, and it is the oldest, continuous monarchy.
- Danes prefer two wheels – there are two bicycles for every car.
- Surrounded by water, it makes sense swimming is part of the curriculum for Danish schoolchildren.
Our thoughts about Denmark
Alison says: “We travelled to Copenhagen, Denmark when my friend Jenn came for a summer visit. The three of us rented an apartment on the outskirts of the city so we could live like locals. We explored the city on foot and by bus, but our favourite way to see the sights was by boat.
We spent a morning ogling the crown jewels in Rosenborg castle, hung out with hippies in Christiania and hipsters in Christianshavn, waved to the Royals at Amalienborg, and made a passing visit to the Little Mermaid. Of course, we found some great food in this lively city and hope to return to taste more!”
Photo 1: Alison Cornford-Matheson
Flag: By Madden – Own work, Public Domain, Link
Photo 2: Alison Cornford-Matheson